SCOTTISH HEROES & HEROINES

SCOTTISH HEROES & HEROINES

Aside from tourism, Scotland has produced great men and women of history. These people have made notable impacts in time past and as such are classified as great heroes and heroines.

WILLIAM WALLACE

Wallace is one of Scotland’s most respected heroes. At first, he was a fugitive but later became a hero taking triumph over the English at Stirling Bridge in 1297. He wasn’t of royal heritage maybe that is why his memory is held so dear. He died from London execution as a conspirator in 1305. Various landmarks remain to his memory in Scotland today including the Wallace National Landmark outside Stirling which additionally houses the sword he was rumored to have used.

ROBERT THE BRUCE

Conceived in 1274, Robert the Bruce made a move to becoming Scotland’s Duke in 1306 but failed which prompted Edward I of Britain to drive him to exile. During this time, Bruce saw an arachnid tried and failed and eventually succeeded in making the web, and it was the creepy crawl’s diligence that roused him to fighting England again. After the death of Edward I in 1307, Bruce defeated Edward II’s armed forces at Bannockburn in 1314. This was a defining moment in the war, and Bruce was inevitably successful over the English.

MARY QUEEN OF SCOTS

Mary Queen of Scots (1542-1587) was delegated when she was only nine months old. Mary regularly ended up caught between warring political groups, each trying to use her for their political gains. Mary wedded three times, first to Francis, Dauphin of France, yet she was to be widowed after one year. She then married King Darnley, trusting it would anchor her children’s right to the English throne, which was a wrong move. Darnley died in his garden in February 1567.

ROB ROY

Usually regarded as Scottish superhero, Rob Roy (1671-1734) was a notable part of the Jacobite uprising which expected to reestablish King James II to the throne of the United Kingdom. After been severely injured at the Battle of Glen Shiel in 1719, he later turned into a bandit, taking cows and taking part in a fight with the Duke of Montrose. He was detained for some time before he was then unfettered.

BONNIE PRINCE CHARLIE

Grandson of King James the VII of Scotland and II of Britain, Bonnie Prince Charlie, and (1720 – 1788) trusted he was the rightful heir to the thrones of the then United Kingdom, – comprising of Scotland, Britain, and Ireland. He is commonly identified as the instigator of the unsuccessful coup of 1745, which victoriously conquered the Battle of Culloden. He fled Scotland to France, where he passed on at age 67. He is regarded as a sentimental hero for the Scots, and the story of his escape with the help of Flora MacDonald still carries passion with it.

FLORA MACDONALD

In 1746, Flora helped Bonnie Prince Charlie escape Scotland after the Battle of Culloden. Matured only 24, she camouflaged the Prince as a lady, and took him by vessel to Skye; an occasion reviewed in the Skye Pontoon melody. He securely got away, yet MacDonald was captured. After she was released in 1747, she emigrated to North Carolina with her husband, and later came back to Scotland in 1779. What she passed on was buried at the Isle of Skye in 1790.


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